Ayurvedic Treatment For Prenatal and Postnatal Care

Ayurvedic approach towards motherhood that is pregnancy and childbirth is a holistic one. Ayurvedic recommendations touch upon the following factors not just of the mother but also the father.Postnatal care and post delivery packages are available at Women clinic in Trivandrum

  • the diet
  • bhaviour
  • activities
  • spiritual actions

Prenatal care is important as these determine the quality of the foetus. The base of prenatal care in ayurveda is the quote from Charaka Samhita which states that “If a pregnant woman is taken care of as advised, she will give birth to a child who doesn’t have any diseases- a healthy, physically strong, radiant, and well nourished baby. He will be superior to all in the race”

PRE NATAL PREGNANCY CARE

correct behavioural patterns

  • Simple exercises, proper diet and a healthy lifestyle are the important factors that determine a healthy pregnancy. These can help both the mother and the baby.
  • A balanced diet is essential as the digestive fire in most of the case is weakened during this phase. This can give strength and health to the growing foetus.
  • During the last stage of pregnancy there are certain procedures that help in lubrication of the delivery passage thereby facilitating an easy delivery. This makes labour pains easier to bear.
  • Emotional status of both the parents before and after conception is important for a good progeny.

GENERAL RULES FROM INCEPTION OF PREGNANCY TO DELIVERY

The mother-to-be should:

  • always be in a pleasant state of mind
  • be neat, clean and well dressed
  • wear simple clothes and avoid wearing bright colours
  • be in a clean environment
  • wear light and loose comfortable clothes
  • get good night sleep
  • take foods which are light, nutritious and easily digestible
  • lie on left side
  • take ghee in small amount in 4th,5th,6th months of gestation
  • take bath in luke warm water

The mother-to-be should always avoid:

  • sleep during day time in the early stages of pregnancy
  • excessive sex especially during early and late pregnancy
  • over eating or fasting
  • staying awake at night
  • tight clothes and tight belts
  • seeing or listening to things which induce a feeling of sorrow, anger, horror or agony
  • travelling on rough roads
  • squatting for a long time
  • sitting in an uncomfortable position or on a hard surface
  • lifting heavy objects
  • remaining in a bending position for a long time
  • oleation massage unless indicated, mostly indicated after 7th month
  • suppressing natural urges
  • dry, stale, heavy, hot or strong pungent foods
  • alcohol
  • avoid lying on back
  • use of fermented medications like arishtas
  • prolonged standing for long time
  • use of saffron in early stage of pregnancy

These are in preventive aspect, Ayurveda also describes garbhopadravas which are the diseases that are peculiar to pregnancy. They are:

  1. Nausea
  2. Anorexia
  • Vomitting
  1. Dryness of mouth
  2. Fever
  3. Oedema
  1. Retention of urine

Treatment of these are also elaborately described. As far as possible internal medication should be avoided in the firse three months of pregnancy. Ayurveda stress the importance of safe motherhood, proper formation of foetus, its development without anomalies, comfortable full term delivery and maintenance of health of mother.

POST NATAL MOTHER AND BABY CARE

  • The first three months after delivery is very important for the mother as this is the period in which she is to get back the physical fitness that she had and proper lactation.
  • During this period, the expanded uterus shrinks back to normal position, ligaments, muscles and tendons associated with uterus start gaining back the lost power. Motherhood is a joyous moment in a women’s life. But this is possible if her health is taken care of during the post natal period.
  • The post natal period or puerperium is called “Sutika kala”. The duration of sutika kala is usually 1 – 1 ½ months (forty five days). Post natal care or Sutika paricharya is of great importance in a mother as it is during this stage she restores her health.
  • A special diet plan is recommended for this period to restore the loss of the reproductive fluids, dhatus, and blood during the pregnancy and delivery. The digestive fire of the sutika will be altered hence food should be light and it should also be nourishing.
  • Proper adherence to this regimen is essential for faster recuperation and restoration of the health of the mother. Adequate care and prescribed regimen ensures that the mother regains her figure and health akin to that of her pre pregnancy days.

AIMS OF POSTNATAL CARE

According to Ayurveda after the delivery agni is hampered and Vata is vitiated. So the care is mainly aimed at correction of these.

  1. Restoration of agni (digestive fire)
  2. Normalisation of vata
  • Optimisation of quality of breast milk
  1. To avoid exertion
  2. Diet should be very light
  3. To correct the vata, oil massages are recommended
  • To prevent complaints during sutika kala such as UTI, Back ache, loss of appetite etc.

POSTNATAL CARE

External care – to correct the vitiated vata some special treatments are needed. It include

  • Abhyangam (full body oil massage) with Dhanwantaram kuzhambu, Pindatailam etc.

It helps to strengthen the lower back, hip area, joints, muscles and tendons

  • Avagaha (sitz bath)with water boiled with Nalpamaradi patta
  • Tummy care or udara veshtanam

N.B : these external therapies are done in case of a caesarian only after complete healing of wound

  • Fumigation of the rooms should be done
  • Water boiled with ginger and corriander can be given to drink in small quantities
  • Natural urges should not be suppressed
  • Avoid loud speech, long walks, strenuous activities
  • Get enough rest, that is 3 months in case of normal delivery and 4-5 months in case of CS delivery