Ayurvedic Treatment for Menstrual Disorders
Menstrual disorders like amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia, hormonal imbalance, PCOD etc. are treated in Ayurveda very effectively without any side effects. Internal medicines along with a course of treatment are required.
Menstruation is not an illness but an activity of the body. It is the sign of fertility and of womanhood.
Menstrual problems may refer to the different types of menstruation disorders such as delay or absence of bleeding, painful cramping, profuse bleeding etc.
The absence of periods is called amenorrhea.
It is of two types ;
- Primary Amenorrhoea
- Secondary Amenorrhoea.
Primary amenorrhoea is not getting the first period by the age of sixteen. It is due to the disorder of pituitary gland or is congenital.
Secondary amenorrhoea is not getting regular periods for six months or more.
Ruling out pregnancy, this can be due to thyroid dysfunction like hyperthyroidism, ovarian cysts, any change in hormone levels etc.
- Extremely painful menstruation is called dysmenorrhoea.
- In this condition, menstruation is associated with excruciating abdominal pain.
- Nausea, diarrhea or heavy blood loss may co-exist with dysmenorrhoea.
- These can be linked to an underlying medical problem such as fibroids, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, abnormal tissue growth outside the uterus ( endometriosis ).
- Heavy or prolonged vaginal bleeding with menstrual cycle is called menorrhagia.
- It can be due to hormonal imbalance, IUD use, side effects of medication, endometrial polyp, fibroids, endometriosis, adenomyosis, etc.
- It is abnormal bleeding occurring when the tissue normally found only in uterus starts to grow anywhere outside ie; it can be in ovaries, fallopian tubes or other parts of the pelvic cavity.
Signs and symptoms include
- Painful menstruation or dysmenorrhoea
- Pain on sexual intercourse. It can be during or after sex.
- Pain with bowel movements or urination during menstruation.
- Excessive bleeding during menstruation.
- Bleeding between periods, called menometrorrhagia.
- Other symptoms are fatigue, diarrhea, constipation, bloating or nausea, especially during menstruation.
- Retrograde menstruation – here menstrual blood containing endometrial cells flows back through the fallopian tubes and into the pelvic cavity instead of out of the body and these cells stick to the pelvic walls and surfaces of pelvic organs.
- Transformation of peritoneal cells into endometrial cells due to the action of some hormones.
- Immune system disorder
- Endometrial cells transport by blood or tissue fluid.
- Surgical scar implantation. After surgeries like hysterectomy or C-section endometrial cells may attach to a surgical incision.
POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN DISEASE (PCOD)
It is a common endocrine system disorder among females of reproductive age. The condition is characterised by an imbalance in the level of female sex hormones- estrogen and progesterone which induces growth of small ovarian cysts. These cysts are mostly benign in nature but they cause an imbalance in hormone level.
PCOD is a syndrome that affects the ovaries and ovulation. It’s three main features are;
- Cysts in ovaries
- High male hormone levels
- Irregular menstruation
- Hormonal imbalance
- The family history of PCOS
- Genetic reasons
- Elevated androgen hormone level
- Insulin resistance
- Excessive hair growth on body and face.
- Abnormal weight gain
- Irregular menstruation
- Painful menstruation
- Pelvic pain
- Despondency and anxiety
- Problems related to fertility
CAUSES OF MENSTRUAL DISORDERS ACCORDING TO AYURVEDA
- Increased intake of sour, salty, hot, pungent, heavy and fermented food items.
- Intake of meat of fatty and domestic animals.
- Intake of alcoholic beverages
- Eating before the previous meal is digested.
- Menstrual disorders are also caused due to repeated abortions
- Excessive sexual activity
- Increased physical exertion like riding lifting heavy objects etc.
- Sleeping during daytime
- Psychological conditions like grief, anger etc.
- According to Ayurveda poor diet and improper digestion are the root causes of menstrual disorders.
- This improperly digested food leads to the production of toxins in the body
- These toxins enter the blood and are circulated by blood to deep tissues and channels.
- It results in blockage and stagnation resulting in a Dhatwagnimandhya.
- As a result of this, Vata dosha and Rakthadhatu gets vitiated.
- The vitiated Vata, in turn, vitiates the blood and hence the blood in channels carrying the Raja (menstrual blood) get vitiated leading to menstrual disorders.
AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR MENSTRUAL DISORDERS
- Treatment of menstrual disorders starts with correction of Vata dosha.
- Avoiding the factors responsible for vitiation of Vata dosha.
- Avoid strenuous activities during menstruation is very important.
- Avoid intake of fried foods and hot spicy foods.
- Treatment includes nourishing and toning herbs and also rejuvenating therapies based on the nature of the disorder.
- Along with internal medication, cleansing procedures can be done to remove the accumulated toxins which are the ultimate cause of the disease.
- Special types of massages like Udvartana are effective in the management of body weight especially in conditions of PCOS.
- Incorporation of meditation and yoga is very beneficial as stress plays a very important role in these disorders.