Facts and misconceptions regarding Kerala’s diabetic diet.
Is it true that reducing the intake of sugar prevent diabetes?
Some people avoid adding sugar in tea or coffee, or other drinks at a very young age to prevent diabetes.
This conception is wrong because avoiding sugar alone doesn’t prevent diabetes because sugar (glucose) reaches our body from almost all foods.
It’s okay to eat sweets within the calorie limit of the day, but eating sweets along with foods rich in carbohydrates will increase your blood sugar level.
If the food is a fried item, it can increase your oil intake also. It can be harmful.
Excessive sweets can lead to obesity.
It is a factor that increases the risk of diabetes.
It is essential to know what kind of sweets are taken.
The sugar contained in fruits, fructose, is better than one held in sugar, sucrose.
Can diabetic patients drink payasam ( sweet stew-like traditional dish)?
A diabetic patient can have payasam when they feel like drinking.
Care should be taken take half a cup of payasam containing less sugar only. ( Almost 60 ml).
Also, need to reduce the intake of the day’s remaining meals.
Which fruits are safer for diabetics patients to eat? Are dates recommended?
According to their blood sugar level, a diabetes person needs to control fruits.
If the blood sugar level is under reasonable control, then a diabetes person can moderately eat fruits.
Apple, orange, watermelon, robust and guava, etc., are permitted.
Avoid processed fruit products and dried fruits.
Dates belong to this category, So better to avoid dates.
Along with the selection of fruit, time for eating is also essential.
Avoid having fruit right after having lunch.
It is always best to eat them intervals gap between the main meals.
Is it true that a diabetic person can eat as much wheat as he wants?
The general misconception of diabetic patients is that they can eat wheat as long as they avoid rice.
But the amount of starch you get from wheat is the same as the amount you get from rice.
Three ample size chapati is equivalent to eating four cups of rice.
Therefore whatever you eat, it essential to control the amount of intake.
Is it necessary to avoid rice altogether?
When choosing rice, what should care?
Rice is an integral part of the daily diet of Keralites.
Preparing a diet for diabetics people by completely removing rice was not found to be successful.
So you needn’t stop yourself from eating rice, but reduce the amount of intake of rice.
Kerala’s Diabetic diet advises you to select rice with a low glycemic index.
Glycemic index is a measure of the ability of each food to raise blood glucose levels.
Foods with a high glycemic index tend to grow blood sugar faster, and you need to control it.
Non-bran kinds of rice have a lower glycemic index than white rice, so try to eat non- bran rice in small amounts.
Is it okay for a diabetic patient to fast?
If a person with diabetes who is taking medication or taking insulin is fasting, the risk of hypoglycemia is very high.
It is a misconception that you can skip any one of your meals and makeup by eating a little more in the next meal.
Eating the right amount at the right time is essential for diabetes control.
Avoid fasting and eating sadhya ( traditional Kerala food containing many dishes usually served on a plantain leaf).
Is dieting/ food control necessary for a diabetes person under medication?
This is a misconception that diet control is not necessary if they are taking anti-diabetic medication.
Diabatic Management can only be effective if diet and exercise are in the right way and the medication prescribed by the doctor.
Can The diet and calories of a person with diabetes be changed day today?
The biggest complaint of a diabetic’s diet is that they have to eat the same food every day.
For this, use a food exchange method.
You can group similar food items into separate groups.
So that you can choose different food from the same group that gives you the same amount of energy and protein, which will help you vary your diet, but it has many limitations.
For example, all members of the oil group have the same energy, but you should control unhealthy butter and vanaspati.
Apart from this, the quantity to serve the cooking method affects blood sugar level.
So it is a good idea to have a rough idea of which foods increase your sugar intake.
It is not good to vary your calorie intake every day.
What specifications should bring in the diet of children with type 1 diabetes?
When controlling food in children, it is essential to ensure that they get enough nutrients.
As they are in their growth stage, they should get all of the starch, meat and fat, nutrients, proteins all in the right amount.
You can give Healthy fats
( nuts) in small portions.
Avoid Excessive calorie-containing saturated bakery products.
As they are taking insulin, make sure to feed them properly at regular intervals.
It can be three main meals and three intermediate meals ( snacks).
What is the truth behind saying that diabetic people should eat more fibre-rich food?
Fibre can help prevent a sudden rise in blood glucose levels.
The best way to get more fibre in your diet is to eat plenty of whole grains, vegetables, and fruits.
What is the best food which diabetic patients can eat?
The purpose of the patient’s treatment is to control the level of glucose in the blood as well as to prevent other complications.
You should take both of these factors into account in maintaining the diet of diabetic people.
Other factors that need to consider are the diet, age, gender, and body weight of a diabetic patient.
The daily diet should include whole grains, low-fat meats, fish, legumes, and vegetables.
For a snack, you can consist of boiled peas, sprouted beans also. Include salad for lunch and dinner chapatti.
Diabetics people need to eat at regular intervals along with maintaining a balanced diet.
The gap between two meals affects the metabolic functioning of the body.
Better to have dinner before eight o’clock, and need to care to chew the food slowly.
Can you eat diabetic people eat tapioca and other tubers?
Tubers have a high glycemic index, which can cause a rapid rise in blood glucose levels.
Tapioca and potatoes have this problem.
Dried kappa has a lot of energy compared to green kappa.
According to Kerala diabetic diet and diabetic people should avoid them.
What is the breakfast menu suitable for diabetic patients?
Steamed breakfasts have a lower glycemic index than other foods.
According to Kerala diabetic diet, Idli Dosha and Sambar are good for breakfast.
White bread is not good.
Bread with whole grains is a little safer.
The cooking process also affects the glycemic index.
For example, cooking using oil and coconut.
Foods prepared from semolina are not so good.
The glycemic index is high. Considering the number of calories, four tablespoons of semolina is equivalent to four chapattis.
Since Oats are whole grains, they are rich in fiber. Oats have a low glycemic index compared to corn flakes.
So oats are a better option for diabetic patients.
But the amount of intake is a matter.
Half cup to one cup is good and also avoid sugar.
Add skim milk containing less fat.
Some diabetic patients sweat a lot after eating. Why?
Gustatory sweating is the state of excessive sweating after a meal.
Reduce the amount of food intake.
Eat food-rich fibre, avoid spicy foods.
All these can reduce this condition.
Autonomic neuropathy is responsible for such a condition.
In rare cases, some people may need to take medication for this problem.
Do Fenugreek and bitter gourd help in controlling diabetes?
Fibre present in Fenugreek is water-soluble.
These help in absorbing the glucose and fat present in the blood.
Roast Fenugreek and take one teaspoon before meals or mix this power in chapatti dough.
Or it can be combined with Buttermilk and taken.
Studies have shown that the peptide contained in butter guard acts like plant insulin.
But all these are to be taken along with medications ( supportive therapy).
You are not supposed to make any changes to the medication you are taking.
Is artificial sweetener suitable for diabetic patients?
Artificial sweeteners used instead of sugar are low in calories and relatively safer.
Artificial sweeteners belonging to the noncaloric group don’t increase the blood glucose level.
But pregnant women and lactating mothers should use it only after consulting this with their doctor.
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