Vata Pitta Kapha -Three body Types According to Ayurveda

Three Body Types According to Ayurveda

Have you ever wondered why Ayurveda is very much personalized? 

Here is the reason!

Ayurvedic science establishes the existence of three main body types, Vata Prakriti, Pitta Prakriti and Kapha Prakriti, determined from your mother’s womb.

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    In Ayurveda, everything, including treatment, depends upon your body type. Certain behavioural responses remain unchanged from conception until birth, growth, and death, forming the Prakriti or the person’s body constitution.

    Each person’s body type is identified by physical, mental and spiritual attributes. These are the manifestation of special characteristics due to the predominance of Doshas.

    (Vata, Pitta and Kapha), & in these, Prakriti indicates the predominance of specific Dosha in a human being. 

    Other factors also determine the constitution of a body, such as the nature of the season, condition inside the uterus, the mother’s food during pregnancy, other regimens adopted by the mother during pregnancy, Sperm and Ovum of the father and mother and the combination of Panchamahabhutas. These factors get afflicted with one or more Doshas. 

    Therefore, the Prakriti of some people is dominated by Vata, some by Pitta, some by Kapha and others by the combination of two Doshas. In some cases, the three Doshas maintain equilibrium. 

    Let’s dig out your Ayurvedic body type here!

    Vata Body Type

    Physical appearance

    • People of Vata body type are generally tall and lean
    • Flat chest and prominent joints, bones, veins and muscle tendons.
    • They usually have a brown to wheatish complexion
    • Skin remains dry, rough and often cracked.
    • They can be rather too short or too tall and usually are on the slim side.
    • Their hair is usually dry, curly and scanty and has thin eyelashes.
    • They have hollow  or sunken eyes, and hands and feet often remain cold
    • Brittle and rough nails.
    • The nose is bent and turned upwards.
    • BMI might be between 18 and 20.

    Sleeping Pattern

    • They might have a disturbed sleep pattern


    • They may lead an unstable lifestyle. They are usually restless and energetic.
    • Eating habits are usually irregular
    • Sexual desire keeps on varying
    • Does not maintain long-term friendships


    • Talks too fast and are talkative


    • Vata-type people are generally shy, modest and low in confidence.
    • They are primarily impatient but very flexible and adaptable to all situations.
    • They feel stressed or worried often, whatever the situation.
    • They are most likely to be loners or non-conformists.
    • They spent money quickly.
    • They are highly creative and sensitive.

    Vata mind

    • Vata-type people are characterized by short-term memory yet have a quick mental understanding and can easily grasp things.
    • Despite having a quick understanding, they tend to forget it with equal speed.
    • They have little or no willpower and possess less tolerance, confidence and boldness.
    • Because of weak reasoning power, people of the Vata type are usually nervous, fearful, and anxious.

    Pitta Body Type

    The physical appearance of Pitta-Type People

    • Pitta people usually have a delicate and slender body frame and are of medium height and strength. 
    • Their muscle development is moderate.
    • They have a warm body and is intolerable to heat.
    • They are blessed with soft skin with a fair or wheatish complexion.
    • Hair is usually silky and frizzy but may tend to premature greying and early balding.
    • Skin is soft and warm but often tends to develop moles and freckles and is more prone to sunburns.
    • The colour of their eyes usually ranges from green, grey or copper, brown or amber and are of medium prominence and are always moving.
    • They possess few thin eyelashes.
    • Their eyes will turn red when exposed to the sun or if drunk.
    • They sweat a lot and always have stinky bodies.
    • Moderate body strength.
    • Loose joints and muscles.
    • BMI between 20 to 25

    Sleeping Pattern of Pitta Type

    • They always suffer from a lack of sleep.


    • They eat a lot and are always craving food.
    • They have a good appetite but cannot tolerate hunger.
    • They have a moderate sexual desire.


    • Their speech is clear and passionate and is often dominating.

    The character of Pitta type

    • They are usually extroverts and love to be the centre of attention.
    • They are intelligent, proud scholars, adventurers, educated, eloquent, ornate and affectionate among the dependents.
    • They manage money very carefully.
    • They often aspire to attain positions of leadership.
    • They enjoy competitive sports and games.
    • Their intelligence level is high, and they have good insight and a keen sense of discrimination.

    Pitta mind

    • People with a pitta body type have a sharp mind and excellent concentration powers.
    • They tend to comprehend situations and react with agility quickly.
    • They are usually short tempered
    • They get irritated easily
    • They are considered good orators and possess good management and leadership skills.
    • Pitta People are usually competitive by nature and enjoy challenges greatly.

    Kapha Body Type

    Physical appearance

    • People with the Kapha body type have well-developed bodies but are more vulnerable to sudden weight gain.
    • They have strong bodies and plump physiques.
    • Their joints and muscles are stable and strong enough.
    • They have an expanded and broad chest.
    • Their veins and tendons are not visible because of thick layers of skin and good muscle development.
    • They usually have attractive complexions and lustrous soft, and oily skin.
    • Their hair is thick, black and of wavy nature.
    • They possess enchanting, large black or blue-shaded eyes with dense eyelashes.
    • BMI might be between 25 and 28

    Sleeping pattern

    • They often enjoy a deep, sound sleep.


    • They have a regular appetite.
    • They often consume less amount of food.
    • They possess great energy and stamina and remain happy, healthy and peaceful. 


    • They speak less but clearly and steadily.


    • They are the most economical category among the three body types. They save money and spend very little.
    • They take decision slowly but stays steadily with their decision
    • They exhibit serenity and tranquillity.
    • Their emotions are slow to become excited.
    • They are sentimental, nostalgic and romantic.
    • They can tolerate any difficult situations and are easily forgiving in nature.
    • They prefer to be in a group, club or community.
    • They are clingy, especially with their family and friends.
    • They work very slowly and complete tasks that have been started.
    • They are good-natured, honest, faithful, patient, grateful, self-reliant, obedient, responsible
    • They keep enmity forever.

    Kapha mind

    • People of the Kapha mindset are usually calm and do not get exaggerated easily.
    • They have a peaceful nature and always maintain harmony with their surroundings. However, they possess greed, attachment, envy and possessiveness.
    • Though they have slow comprehension, once they understand a thing, the knowledge is retained and stays with them for a long.

    Tridosha and diseases

    “Prakriti” indicates the normalcy of doshas, but when there is some Imbalance in the Doshic state, there comes the “vikruti” or pathology. The following signs and symptoms can identify the Imbalance in each Dosha.

    Vata imbalance

    Signs of Vata Imbalance

    • Dryness and roughness of skin
    • Too much weight loss.
    • Irregular bowel movement or constipation
    • Pain in bones, joints
    • Flatulence
    • Fear and restlessness
    • Abnormal pulse rate
    • Palpitation
    • Preference for hot environment and surroundings
    • Muscle cramps
    • Finds it difficult to fall asleep
    • Sleep is frequently interrupted.
    • Anxiety

    Diseases Caused by Vata Imbalance

    Vata Imbalance can cause irregularity in the functioning of bowel movements nervous system, and disorders in muscles and joints such as : 

    • Insomnia
    • Headaches
    • Tinnitus
    • Loose teeth
    • Facial Paralysis
    • Acute stress
    • Tonic and Clonic Seizures
    • Tremors
    • Earache and hearing disorders
    • Sciatica
    • Stiff legs
    • Cramps in calf muscles
    • Stiffness in the neck
    • Arthritis
    • Constipation 

    Pitta imbalance

    Signs of Pitta Imbalance

    • Excessive heat 
    • The desire for cold food and drinks
    • Yellow colouration of the skin
    • Giddiness
    • Weakness 
    • Reduced sleep 
    • Increased anger and agitation 
    • Burning sensation 
    • Excessive thirst and hunger
    • Increased tendency to be a perfectionist 
    • Bitter taste in the mouth 
    • Bad breath 
    • Hot flashes


    • Peptic ulcers
    • Inflammation of the stomach or oesophagus
    • Skin disorders like eczema, psoriasis etc.
    • Fatigue
    • Migraine
    • Acid Reflux Tendonitis
    • Herpes
    • Jaundice
    • Bad breath
    • Conjunctivitis
    • Pharyngitis
    • Dissatisfaction
    • Stomatitis
    • Fibromyalgia
    • Redness of the skin
    • Low blood sugar

    Kapha imbalance

    Signs of Kapha Imbalance

    • Anorexia
    • Drowsiness
    • Loss of appetite
    • Sweet taste in the mouth
    • Indigestion
    • Feels limp and subdued
    • Often sleeps excessively

    Diseases of Kapha Imbalance

    • Cough
    • Respiratory disorders
    • Obesity
    • Goitre
    • Hardening of blood vessels
    • Flu
    • Sinusitis
    • Bronchitis
    • Disorders of the joints
    • Respiratory and bronchial congestion

    Importance of analyzing body types in ayurvedic treatments

    Ayurvedic treatment aims to bring you to a state of physical and mental well-being that can be achieved through a personalized analysis.

    Ayurvedic body type analysis is helpful in the curative and preventive aspects.

    Curative aspects

    • Implement individualized treatment protocol
    • Create a specialized diet plan according to the Prakriti and disease condition
    • Determine the severity and prognosis of the disease.
    • Forecast the effectiveness of treatment

    Preventive aspects

    • Determine the diseases to which a person is susceptible to get affected.
    • Plan the lifestyle accordingly to prevent diseases
    • Helps in maintaining a healthy personal, family and professional life 

    Diet in Ayurveda according to body types

    Sample Diet Plan for Vata Body Type

    Early morning: warm water with ajwain seeds or lemon juice

    Breakfast: moong dal porridge or whole wheat recipes with 1 tsp ghee + milk

    Lunch: Brown Rice with Vegetables or Meat + Buttermilk

    Evening: Fruits 

    Dinner: Salads / Soup

    Bedtime: Turmeric milk

    Foods to be avoided: All sour fruits, apples, pears, dry fruits, pomegranates, lettuce, potatoes, tomatoes, bitter gourd, buckwheat, barley, millet, corn, packed foods, and white sugar.

    Foods included: Ghee, Milk, Egg, Apple, Banana, Orange, Pineapple, Berries, Whole wheat, moong dal, Fish, leafy vegetables, beans etc.

    Sample Diet Plan for Pitta Body Type

    Early morning: warm water with coriander seeds

    Breakfast: moong dal porridge or whole wheat recipes with 1 tsp ghee

    Mid-morning: Sweet fruits

    Lunch: Brown Rice with Vegetables or Meat + Buttermilk

    Evening: Sweet Lassi

    Dinner: Salads / Soup

    Bedtime: Turmeric milk

    Foods to be avoided: Sour fruits, lemons, aubergines, garlic, radishes, tomatoes, onions, buckwheat, millet, corn etc.

    Foods to be included: Ghee, milk, pomegranates, apricots, coconut, dates, cherries, mangos, melons, grapes, leafy green vegetables, green beans, broccoli, peas, cucumber, potatoes, cabbage, mushrooms, lettuce, barley, rice, wheat.

    Sample Diet Plan for Kapha Body Type

    Early morning: lukewarm water with honey

    Breakfast: moong dal porridge or whole wheat or millet recipes

    Lunch: Brown Rice with Vegetables or Meat + Buttermilk

    Evening : Fruits / Roasted nuts

    Dinner: Salads / Soup

    Bedtime: Milk boiled with pepper or dried ginger or Pippali powder

    Foods to be avoided: Pineapple, bananas, dates, cucumbers, squash, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, cooked oats, white rice, wheat, butter, coconut oil, all kinds of sugar etc.

    Foods to be included: apples, apricots, berries, pears, dried fruit, pomegranates, cherries, mangos, peaches, cranberries, raisins, aubergines, lettuce, broccoli, peas, fennel, carrots, garlic, cabbage, peppers, mushrooms, radishes, beetroot, asparagus, bean sprouts, onions, millet, buckwheat, barley, oats, 

    Lifestyle suggestions for three body types

    Vata Body Type

    • Include sweet, sour and salty flavours in the diet
    • Reduce bitter, pungent and astringent taste in the diet
    • Include ghee in the diet
    • Cold food and drinks are to be avoided
    • Always take a hot shower
    • Avoid night shifts and overexertion
    • Stay away from the dry, cold and windy atmosphere.
    • The mind should be kept free from negative thoughts.
    • Incorporate abhyanga (daily oil massages), ghrta pana (intake of ghee), mridu virechana (mild purgation)
    • Students are advised to revise their lessons daily to enhance their memory as they are more vulnerable to forgetting those studied.
    • Advised to have food after morning bath.
    • Chew the food slowly and properly.
    • Intake of ghee and milk daily is advised.

    Pitta Body Type

    • Include sweet, bitter, astringent flavours in the diet
    • Avoid hot, sour, spicy, and salty foods
    • Try to avoid scorching sun exposure
    • Alcohol is especially prohibited for these people.
    • Reduce overexertion
    • Early morning bath and daily intake of milk and ghee are recommended
    • Anointing the body with cool, fragrant substances is advised

    Kapha Body Type

    • Daily exercise is necessary
    • Bitter, pungent, astringent flavours are to be included in the diet
    • Try to avoid sweet, sour and salty foods.
    • Avoid Kapha-increasing foods such as milk and its products, meat, sweet, fried foods etc.
    • Avoid day sleep
    • Upward powder massage is indicated
    • Students should read with full concentration.


    Prakriti is a genetically determined inherent factor of our body that categorizes individuals into different subgroups based on their habits, appearance, temperament etc. Identifying the body type helps predict an individual’s susceptibility to a particular disease prognosis of that illness and individualizing the therapy.

    Ayurvedic Treatment in Kerala is based on the tridosha concept and body type analysis.

    Do you want to know your body type? Do you want to consult with a doctor?  Visit  Ayurvedic Hospital in Trivandrum

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